CHAPTER 1

Overview of the Province

     Marinduque is a province located almost at the center of the Philippine Archipelago, a small heart-shaped island between Tayabas Bay and Sibuyan Sea. Its neighbors are Batangas, Mindoro and Quezon with which its history is closely interlinked. Batangas lies northwest beyond the Tayabas Bay and Mindoro Island is to the west across the Tablas Strait. The terrain is generally level but rises towards the central mountains.

     Originally, Marinduque was part of Balayan or Bonbon (now Batangas) when Juan de Salcedo and Martin de Goiti colonized the region in 1581. It then became part of Mindoro at the beginning of the 17th century.

     On May 01, 1901, the United States-Philippine Commission passed Act No.125 creating the province of Marinduque with the municipality of Boac as the provincial capital. A year later, by virtue of Act No. 423 dated June 23, 1902, the United States-Philippine Commission annexed the island of Mindoro, including the island of Lubang to the province.

     On November 10, 1902, Marinduque was made part of Tayabas (now Quezon) by virtue of Act No.499. Later on May 17, 1907, under Act No. 1649, the Commission made Marinduque a sub province of Tayabas. Finally, on February 21, 1920, Act No. 2880 separated Marinduque from Tayabas and re-established the former province of Marinduque.

     The province has a total land area of 952.58 square kilometers, representing only 0.32 percent of the total land area of the Philippines. Marinduque classified as a 4th class province, has 6 municipalities broken down into 218 barangays. Five of the municipalities are classified as partially urban while the remaining one is a rural area.

 

List of municipalities with their corresponding land area, classification and number of barangays:

Municipality

Land Area
(sq. km.)

Classification

Number of
Barangays

Boac

212.70

2nd

61

Buenavista

  81.25

4th

15

Gasan

100.88

4th

25

Mogpog

108.06

4th

37

Santa Cruz

270.77

1st

55

Torrijos

178.92

4th

25

Sources:  National Statistics Office, National Statistical Coordination Board, Department of Finance and Land Management Bureau,
                Department of Environment and Natural Resources.       

Notes: 1.  Land area based on the 2007 Revised Masterlist certified by the Land Management Bureau (LMB).
          2. Classification and number of barangays based on NSCB Philippine Standard Geographic Classification (PSGC) as provided by the                Bureau of Local Government Finance (BLGF).

 

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