CHAPTER 1

Overview of the Province

     In the early years of Spanish rule, Mindoro was administered as part of the province of Bombon, the former name of Batangas. By the beginning of the seventeenth century, Mindoro was separated from Bonbon. However, Mindoro was officially divided into two provinces on June 13, 1950.

     Its early names were Mait and Mina de Oro, the latter, a Spanish phrase to mean gold mine.

     Oriental Mindoro, covering a territory of 4,238.38 square kilometers, represents 1.45 percent of the total land area of the country and 9.30 percent of the Southern Tagalog Region. It is bounded on the north by Verde Island Passage; Maestro de Campo Island and Tablas Strait on the east; Semirara Island on the south and Occidental Mindoro on the west.
 
     A second class province, Oriental Mindoro is made up of 15 municipalities, with Naujan as the largest municipality in terms of land area. It also has the most number of barangays totaling 70.

     Calapan City, the provincial capital, comprises only 5.90 percent of the total land area of Oriental Mindoro.

List of municipalities with their corresponding land area, classification and number of barangays:

Municipality

Land Area
(sq. km.)

Classification

Number of
Barangays

Baco
Bansud
Bongabong

216.23
343.47
498.20

4th
3rd
1st

27
13
36

Bulalacao (San Pedro)
Calapan City
Gloria

321.86
250.06
245.52

3rd
3rd
3rd

15
62
27

Mansalay
Naujan
Pinamalayan

446.62
503.10
282.26

3rd
1st
1st

17
70
37

Pola
Puerto Galera

159.34
247.85

4th
3rd

23
13

Roxas
San Teodoro

85.26
341.00

3rd
4th

20
8

Socorro
Victoria

151.38
146.23

3rd
3rd

26
32

Sources:  National Statistics Office, National Statistical Coordination Board, Department of Finance and Land Management Bureau,
                 Department of Environment and Natural Resources.       

Notes:  1.  Land area based on the 2007 Revised Masterlist certified by the Land Management Bureau (LMB).
           2. Classification and number of barangays based on NSCB Philippine Standard Geographic Classification (PSCG) as provided by the                 Bureau of Local Government Finance (BLGF).

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