CHAPTER 1

Overview of the Province

     Lying in the southwest portion of the main group of Philippine Islands and pointing as if it were a dagger towards the northeastern corner of Borneo is the long and narrow province of Palawan. With an area of 17,030.75 square kilometers, it is the largest province in the Philippines in terms of land area, representing 4.96 percent of the total land area of the country. It is bounded on the east by the Sulu Sea and on the west by the South China Sea. The southern tip of the province is only 97 kilometers away from Sabah.

     Centuries before the coming of the Spaniards, the islands of Palawan were inhabited by settlers of proto-Malay stock locally called the Batah, Palawanes and Tagbanuas. During the 13th century, settlers from the Madjapahit Empire of Indonesia filtered to the islands.

     The Spanish colonizers called the islands “Paragua” and installed the seat of administration at Cuyo Island but later transferred it to Puerto Princesa City, the present capital of the province. Later, the American changed the province’s name from Paragua to Palawan.

     A first class province, Palawan is made up of 1 city and 23 municipalities, with Puerto Princesa as the largest town in terms of land area. The newest municipality that was created on June 5, 1995 is the municipality of Sofronio Española which was formerly part of Brooke’s Point.

List of municipalities with their corresponding land area, classification and number of barangays:

Municipality

Land Area
(sq. km.)

Classification

Number of
Barangays

Aborlan
Agutaya
Araceli
Balabac

807.33
37.31
204.30
581.60

2nd
5th

19
10
13
20

Batarasa

726.20

2nd

22

Brooke’s Point

1,303.40

1st

18

Busuanga

392.90

 

14

Cagayancillo
Coron
Cuyo
Culion
Dumaran
El Nido
Kalayaan Is.
Linapacan
Magsaysay
Narra
Puerto Princesa City
Quezon
Rizal (Marcos)
Roxas
San Vicente
Taytay
Sofronio Española

26.39
689.10
84.95
499.59
435.00
923.26
290.00
195.44
49.48
831.73
2,381.02
943.19
1,256.47
1,177.56
1,462.94
1,257.68
473.91

5th
1st
4th

 

1st
5th

5th

1st

 

1st

12
23
17
14
16
18
1
10
11
23
66
14
11
31
10
31
9

Sources:  National Statistics Office, National Statistical Coordination Board, Department of Finance and Land Management Bureau,
               Department of Environment and Natural Resources.       

Notes:  1. Land area based on the 2007 Revised Masterlist certified by the Land Management Bureau (LMB).
           2. Classification and number of barangays based on NSCB Philippine Geographic Classification (PSGC) as provided by the Bureau of                Local Government Finance (BLGF).

 

[back] [next]